The human body defence system reacts to infections whether viral or bacterial and that results in fever! The caring parents become worried when their child develops fever.
Symptoms of fever:
- headache and generalised aches
- lack of apetite
- disturbed sleep
- the child become less active or inactive
Add to that the signs and symptoms of causative infection. Children below the age of five may not be able to tell their feelings but express them through crying.
Management of fever:
Parents better not over-react and stay calm to provide a better help to their child. The normal body temperature ranges between 36 – 37.5 degree Celsius. Temperatures below 38 are considered mild and may not cause all the symptoms above. These usually do not need treatment.
When the temperatures are 38 degree Celsius or above and the child is unhappy, you may do the following:
- Give Paracetamol (eg, Panadol) either oral liquid or suppositories in the child’s rectum. The dose of Paracetamol is written clearly on the medicine jar.
- Give the child cold drink if this is acceptable. The more fluid that you give will help preventing the child from getting dehydrated.
- Wipe the child’s body with wet cloth.
- Dress the child with light cotton clothing. Avoid wool and synthetic fabric.
If the child is still symptomatic and feverish for about 90 minutes post the Paracetamol dose then you may give Brufen (eg Nurofen). Remember that nurofen can not be given to an asthmatic child or when the child has stomach pain, it may exacerbate these two conditions.
Every house has a child, having a thermometer and Paracetamol at home will always come in handy.